The prostate is a small walnut-shaped gland located below the bladder, which stores seminal fluid for the nourishment and transport of sperms.
Prostate cancer develops when cells of the prostate gland begin to grow out of proportion. Worldwide, prostate cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in men and the leading cause of cancer death in African men. Although previously considered a disease of older men, today 1 in 3 West African men will get prostate cancer after the age of 50.
Usually prostate cancer cells grow slowly and can be confined to the prostate gland, requiring mild or no treatment at all. However, there are other aggressive types of prostate cancer that might require more rigorous treatment regimen. In the advanced stages, a prostate cancer diagnosis can affect urinary function and sexual activity.
Some symptoms associated with prostate cancer can be related to other non-cancer conditions. However, you should see your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms to get a proper diagnosis and treatment if necessary. They include:
- Difficult urination
- Decreased force in urine stream
- Erectile dysfunction
- Blood in semen
- Pelvic discomfort
- Bone pain